NGA Tearline: China's Belt and Road Initiative - Maritime Expansion

Potential Dual-Use Implications on Critical Maritime Chokepoints

Though Chinese "Belt-and-Road Initiative" investments and related economic activities abroad have been a touchpoint for international studies, this report poses a hypothetical "what if" scenario and seeks to address one facet of the potential implications if Chinese facilities abroad are used for dual-use military/civilian purposes.

Given the close relationship between Chinese corporations and military entities, based on the concept of Military-Civil Fusion, this report addresses the hypothetical implications of the military use of seventeen civilian (BRI-related) ports with respect to eight identified critical maritime chokepoints.

This report is NGA Tearline's first collaboration with students from Johns Hopkins University.

Read more of this intelligence report at

What is NGA Tearline?

NGA is partnering with expert private groups to grow public-facing, authoritative open source intelligence on various strategic and humanitarian intelligence topics that tend to be under-reported within long-form format.

This authoritative open source content will be cited for internal purposes and it will grow public trust by increasing transparency around shared public-private interest in various strategic and humanitarian intelligence topics that are fit for public consumption.

Learn more about NGA Tearline.